Let's all stop judging people who talk to themselves. New research says that those who can't seem tokeep their inner monologues (独白) in are actuallymore likely to stay on task, remain __26__ betterand show improved perception capabilities. Notbad, really, for some extra muttering.
According to a series of experiments published in theQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology byprofessors Gary Lupyan and Daniel Swignley, the act of using verbal clues to __27__ mentalpictures helps people function quicker.
In one experiment, they showed pictures of various objects to twenty __28__ and asked themto find just one of those, a banana. Half were __29__ to repeat out loud what they were lookingfor and the other half kept their lips __30__. Those who talked to themselves found the bananaslightly faster than those who didn't, the researchers say. In other experiments, Lupyan andSwignley found that __31__ the name of a common product when on the hunt for it helpedquicken someone's pace, but talking about uncommon items showed no advantage andslowed you down.
Common research has long held that talking themselves through a task helps children learn, although doing so when you've __32__ matured is not a great sign of __33__. The twoprofessors hope to refute that idea, __34__ that just as when kids walk themselves through aprocess, adults can benefit from using language not just to communicate, but also to help"augment thinking".
Of course, you are still encouraged to keep the talking at library tones and, whatever you do, keep the information you share simple, like a grocery list. At any __35__, there's still such athing as too much information.